Columbus Day is a national holiday the Americas and elsewhere which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492. So not only the bank but also all office will be closed this day. Now let’s we know the significance of the day. I mean why do you get off day or holiday?
Why Columbus Day is the national Holiday of America?
According to the large Encyclopedia Britannica, Columbus Day, in the United States, holiday to commemorate the landing of Christopher Columbus on October 12, 1492, in the New World. Originally the Columbus Day was October 12; since 1971 the second Monday in October. Columbus was a native of Genoa, Italy, and over the years Italian Americans took up the cause of honouring his achievement. But Columbus explorations were financed by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain.
How Columbus Day becomes the National Holiday of America?
The 300th anniversary of his landing was celebrated in New York City in 1792 by the Society of St. Tammany, or Columbian Order, and the 400th anniversary, in 1892, by presidential proclamation nationwide. During the latter half of the 19th century, the day began to be celebrated in cities with large numbers of Italian Americans, and in 1937 it became a national holiday by presidential proclamation.
Columbus Day came to be marked by parades, often including floats depicting the ships of Columbus, and by public ceremonies and festivities. By the quincentennial in 1992, the holiday was an occasion for discussing the European conquest of American Indians, and some people objected to celebrating the event and proposed alternatives, among them Indigenous Peoples Day.
The landing of Columbus also came to be commemorated in Spain and Italy. In many of the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas, the landing is observed as Día de la Raza (“Day of the Race” or “Day of the People”). Rather than celebrating Columbus’s arrival in the New World, many observers of Día de la Raza celebrate the indigenous peoples of Latin America and the culture that developed over the centuries as their heritage melded with that of the Spanish explorers who followed Columbus. In some countries religious ceremonies are an important part of the observances.